Tachyons, Bradyons and is “c” really the universal speed limit?

Let me first begin by answering the latter part of the question. Is “c” really the universal speed limit? Yes it is as Albert Einstein proved. But, let me expound on that statement, it is the universal speed limit for the speed of light. It is not however the ultimate speed limit of the universe. As with everything in man’s history we believe things that others say are gospel and to be true until one day someone comes along and opens the doors for new ideas and new ways of approaching the unknown. During the days of Columbus the Earth was believed to be flat. If man was meant to fly God would have given us wings. Instead of giving us wings to fly he gave us the same ability he has, “to create”. We are an intelligent life form with a brain that is capable of thousands of calculations per second and the storage capacity of a supercomputer. Most of us only use 6 to 10% of its capabilities. We see anomalies in others and we give it names like Autism, Bipolar disorder, Alzheimer’s, Asperger syndrome, Down’s syndrome these are just a few of the disorders listed in Wikipedia’s list of mental disorders. We do not understand these disorders yet, but it is my belief that they are short circuits in the brain that allow or disallow certain functions and activities in specific areas to be enhanced or blocked. It is up to us in the scientific communities to let our imaginations run wild and explore these phenomena for a better understanding of how to increase our own capacities from that meager 6 to 10% to 100%.

Now back to the subject at hand. Because we can’t see where something ends or begins does not mean it does not exist. Our very existence depends a lot on our ability and imagination to explore the unknown. I am constantly reminded how small I am everytime I think about the size of the universe we can see. I think of myself like the smallest atomic structure that we have seen under a microscope and compare that to the universe. Imagine what an atom must feel like when it is compared to the vastness of the universe.

I am constantly reminded of humanities inability to think outside the visible universe that we live in. Our inability to get past thoughts of…. that is impossible…. to that is possible. The universe itself is giving us clues how to get off our planet and explore the universe that lies before us. We must open our eyes and our minds and look at what is available to us and in front of us. The Earth is not flat and man was meant to fly, “c” is not the ultimate speed limit of the universe… it is for light, but it is not for the things we have yet to discover. Why are we constantly limiting ourselves? Why do we say that our periodic table is all of the elements known to man. The elements known to man seems to say that there cannot be any other elements, but leaves the door open to, just in case. The current periodic table lists 118 elements, some of these are man made and some 92 are found naturally occurring in our surroundings. I believe that once we really begin exploring space we will find many new elements and things that we can not imagine might exist.  The universe that we live in is so huge and so grand that we can not and should not speculate that anything is ultimate or finite.

Columbus proved that the Earth was not flat, the Wright Brothers proved we could fly, Chuck Yeager officially broke the sound barrier on October 14, 1947, Yuri Gagarin became the first human in space on April 12, 1961, making a 108-minute orbital flight in his Vostok 1 spacecraft, one month later Mercury Astronaut Alan Shepard became the first American in space. My point is this… man is not limited by anything except his own mind. Here is an example: “My dad always told me I was a dummy and I believed him because he was an authority figure in my life. He never wanted me or anyone else to prove him wrong. It wasn’t until I got to middle school and math classes (Algebra, Geometry, and Pre-Calculus) that I realized I was not a dummy, I made straight “A’s”.” I sometimes think I suffer from A.D.D. Attention deficit disorder. What is that? In my mind it is simply that my brain is functioning faster than what you or anyone else can keep it occupied for I am constantly thinking about a million things at once or so it seems.. In other words stop boring me with trivial bullshit and get to the heart of the matter. The children and adults with A.D.D. are operating at such a fast paced mental momentum that it is hard to focus on any one subject for any length of time. Unless you can keep them occupied with something that forces them to focus they will always seem to lack an extensive attention span. Think of an Atomic Bomb explosion it goes in all directions at once, but if you contain it like in a rocket and its energy is forced through a nozzle it becomes a very fast and powerful rocket engine capable of high speeds in space.

The speed of light may very well be the speed limit for light but I do not see how it can be the ultimate speed limit. Tachyon’s are probably the fastest thing in the universe but are not the ultimate fastest thing. We do not know because we have not discovered a way to measure anything traveling faster than the speed of light. Until recently we thought that Higgs Boson particle was just theory and just this year we discovered that particles can travel faster than the speed of light. I am just speculating here but when two items collide at a given speed any item that is able to break free from either of the two should have a velocity equal to the velocity at impact squared. But in most cases the shard that is expelled will have a greater velocity than at impact due to the energy that is transferred from the two objects to the shard being expelled. The discovery that, when two particles collide at the speed of light a shard or particle could be expelled at speeds greater than the speed of light only reinforced my thoughts along those lines. It is my theory that we have yet to discover what exceeds the speed of light, but we will discover things that go faster than “c”.

I am in agreement with what has been theorized so far about tachyon’s and braydon’s. I have copied this article from my favorite encyclopedia Wikipedia.

Because we can’t see something doesn’t mean that it does not or can not exist.

Tachyon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about hypothetical faster-than-light particles. For quantum fields with imaginary mass, see Tachyonic field. For other uses, see Tachyon (disambiguation).

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Because a tachyon would always move faster than light, we would not be able to see it approaching. After a tachyon has passed nearby, we would be able to see two images of it, appearing and departing in opposite directions. The black line is the shock wave of Cherenkov radiation, shown only in one moment of time. This double image effect is most prominent for an observer located directly in the path of a superluminal object (in this example a sphere, shown in grey). The right hand bluish shape is the image formed by the blue-doppler shifted light arriving at the observer—who is located at the apex of the black Cherenkov lines—from the sphere as it approaches. The left-hand reddish image is formed from red-shifted light that leaves the sphere after it passes the observer. Because the object arrives before the light, the observer sees nothing until the sphere starts to pass the observer, after which the image-as-seen-by-the-observer splits into two—one of the arriving sphere (to the right) and one of the departing sphere (to the left).

tachyon /ˈtæki.ɒn/ or tachyonic particle is a hypothetical particle that always moves faster than light. The word comes from the Greek:ταχύς or tachys, meaning “swift, quick, fast, rapid”, and was coined by Gerald Feinberg.[1] Most physicists think that faster-than-light particles cannot exist because they are not consistent with the known laws of physics.[2][3] If such particles did exist, they could be used to build a tachyonic antitelephone and send signals faster than light, which (according to special relativity) would lead to violations ofcausality.[3] Potentially consistent theories that allow faster-than-light particles include those that break Lorentz invariance, the symmetry underlying special relativity, so that the speed of light is not a barrier.

In the 1967 paper that coined the term,[1] Feinberg proposed that tachyonic particles could be quanta of a quantum field with negative squared mass. However, it was soon realized that excitations of such imaginary mass fields do not in fact propagate faster than light,[4] and instead represent an instability known as tachyon condensation.[2] Nevertheless, negative squared mass fields are commonly referred to as “tachyons”,[5] and in fact have come to play an important role in modern physics.

Despite theoretical arguments against the existence of faster-than-light particles, experiments have been conducted to search for them. No compelling evidence for their existence has been found.[6] I must add this 3 letter word YET!

The universe is not our Final Frontier it is actually the beginning of a New Frontier.

I am constantly observing how things work in our known universe and wondering how we might apply the same things to our existence in space and in space travel. We all know that the sun gives off enormous of energy, How do we duplicate and harness that energy? The Earth has a molten core so how so we duplicate that and create artificial gravity, artificial atmosphere, and oxygen? How do we duplicate the energy that the Earth produces to generate electricity? After all the Earth is one giant electric generating power plant. How do we duplicate and harness the power of lightning? Nikola Tesla already did that right?

The Earth is made up of a molten core that we assume is iron to produce a magnetic field. This magnetic field produces a small electric current yes or no?

I will leave you with that thought for today.

 

 

 

 

Difference Between Authorized Issued & Outstanding Shares

Authorized Shares

The number of shares a corporation has the authorization to issue appears in the company’s articles of incorporation, also known as a certificate of incorporation. Articles of incorporation must be filed with the secretary or department of state to begin the legal existence of a corporation. The articles contain basic information about a corporation such as the legal name and location of the business and the purpose for forming the company. A company cannot issue more shares than the company has the authorization to issue as indicated in the company’s articles of incorporation. Corporations are not required to issue all authorized shares, which allows the company to hold some shares until a later time when capital needs become more pressing.

Issued Shares

A corporation issues shares to investors to raise cash and acquire assets. Corporations issue shares by selling authorized shares to investors, as explained by the Accounting Coach website. This means a corporation can be authorized to issue 50,000 shares, but the company can choose to only issue 5,000 shares. On the other hand, a corporation authorized to issue 50,000 shares may issue all 50,000 shares. Even when a corporation issues all authorized shares, the number of issued shares can never exceed the number of shares the corporation has the authorization to issue.

Outstanding Shares

Outstanding shares indicate the number of shares held by shareholders. The number of outstanding shares can never exceed the number of issued shares or the number of authorized shares. For instance, a corporation that issues 20,000 shares has 20,000 shares outstanding. However, outstanding shares can be less than the number of issued or authorized shares. Let’s assume a company issues 1,000 shares, but buys back 200 shares. In this scenario, the company has 1,000 shares issued and 800 shares outstanding, since 200 shares have been retired or repurchased by the corporation.

Treasury Stock


Treasury stock is when a company repurchases its own shares from the company’s stockholders, as stated by the Cliffs Notes website. When a company purchases treasury stock, it does not exist as an asset to the company and treasury stock does not draw a dividend. A corporation can reissue treasury stock or terminate the existence of the treasury shares. Buying back shares may be beneficial for a corporation’s shareholders, since it decreases the number of outstanding shares. Decreasing the number of outstanding shares in this fashion increases a corporation’s earnings per share, according to the RightLine.net website.

See more at wiki fool.com: 

Future of Education

Today’s education system is antiquated and needs some serious updating.

I support the work Salman Khan  (links to wikipedia.org) is doing at the Khan Academy and I support his efforts and I believe that this is the way of the future. It is not to replace the classroom but to enhance it. It allows the teacher to be more interactive with the students in the classroom.

I like it because it gives someone in my age group the opportunity to use it as a tool to keep on top of subjects like algebra, trigonometry, calculus, and my favorite subject physics. I am looking forward to seeing more videos on more advanced physics and other subjects. One of my worst subjects in school was english I still, to this day can not figure out what a predicate nominative is , etc.

It is our goal here at The Center to support his organization by donating stock in our organization and in the near future a sizable annual financial donation to keep Khan Academy on the track of providing free education to the world. I am challenging other companies such as ours to do the same.

Yes, there is a method to our madness here. Our purpose and is space travel, tourism, exploration and colonization. Part of that mission includes education in space. How are we going to teach the children that are born on a starship? We will need a system like the one Khan Academy has set up and continues to evolve. One that allows students to learn at their own pace and give the teachers time to interact with their students.

Now back to my situation. Because of my age and because I am building several companies that are space oriented I need a fast track to get me up to snuff in the fields of mathematics, physics (my favorite), and the other S.T.E.M. courses. This is the perfect situation for me, it allows me the freedom to refresh my skills in the areas I need for these ventures. You can not build a rocket and put it into space if you don’t have algebra, trigonometry, calculus, and physics and lets not forget geometry.

Eventually education needs to become streamlined for students to complete their entire education by the time they reach 20 years of age. In the process they will hone their skills in the area of creativity. Manual labor will be done by machines and your desktop (actually it will morph into something else) will become a supercomputer in order for us to do all the calculations we need and other areas of knowledge. Instead of taking the hours we use now to look up and study material  on a specific subject it will take seconds to have that material readily  at your fingertips.

The Centers Blog

At The Centers Blog we ask; If you were going to build a starship where would you build it?

West Texas? Nevada? New Mexico?  Space? How do we get there?  At least in West Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and Nevada you have a lot of desert areas to build a facility that would be used to manufacture some of the parts that could then be shipped to a working platform in space for assembly.

The trick is to figure a better system of launching these parts to space on the cheap. Elon Musk is working on cheaper solutions that will allow us to ship some parts there.

The next question that we need to answer is once it is completed who is capable enough to fly it?

We need an academy that will teach students all about the starship and its inner workings. That is why we are very motivated to inspire today’s students to study the fields in S.T.E.M.  (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics). Today’s students will be tomorrow’s scientists. The next Einstein, or Newton is living somewhere in world and is yet undiscovered because they live in a third world country or somewhere that has no access to the internet or great teachers. Khan Academy is opening the doors for us to discover these new talents and future great scientists.

The Center for Starship Research & Development is working on plans to build the worlds largest Starship Training facility  and we are looking for a place to build it and we need sponsors, partners and anyone else willing to join us on this venture. Think of the saucer section of the Star Trek’s USS Enterprise and imagine that in the middle of the desert in West Texas, New Mexico, Nevada or Arizona. If we run into to much red tape we will build it anywhere else in the world willing to accommodate us.

 Thanks to ERIC LIMER for his blog post at Gizmodo for the following information.

We know the new Enterprise—or as the Star Trek wiki calls it: USS Enterprise (Alternate Reality)—is 725.35 meters, 2379.76 feet, or roughly half a mile long. So, huge. And while the exact measurements vary, other sources give us a height of 625 feet, and a saucer diameter of 1,000 feet. The saucer section is what we are interested in building for training purposes. The size of it can still be seen from space. The idea is to give us a working model of something we already familiar with and go from there to research and develop new ideas that will work in space.

Stay tuned for the details of how, when and where.

We will post new information about Starship Development, all things space, and space exploration here. Including new technologies being discovered around the world.

One of the things I find fascinating is the discussion about time travel. We are all time travelers. Let me explain according to our latest discoveries our universe is continually expanding. That being the case the Earth is no longer in the same place it was in 1900. According to this theory the Earth has moved further away from the epicenter of the big bang. Meaning that everyday we are moving further and further away from where we were yesterday and the day before. Let me illustrate with this picture.

The Centers Blog

If you left Earth (the Green dot with blue arrow) in a starship traveling at the speed of light and you were traveling towards the epicenter (the bright spot) of the universe and turned around and you travel back another six months to reach the spot where the Earth was when you left. But guess what, the Earth is no longer in the same place it was when you left. It has moved further from the epicenter it is now where the Dark Green Dot/Red arrow is. So what has happened while you traveled for one light year? The total time that has passed on Earth is 75 years, that means that your baby that was born a few days before you left is now 75 years old, while you only aged 1 year. Give or take a few months. So in theory you would have to continue until you reach the Earth’s new position. Without doing all the mathematical calculations I am guessing a week to one month further.

Welcome Aboard!

Welcome Aboard The Center for Starship Research and Development, Inc.

We are glad you came.

Bringing Space to Us

Welcome Aboard The Center for Starship R & D we are dedicated to finding solutions for humans to have the ability to travel in space.

The things we take for granted on Earth can become a precious commodity in space. Like Air, Water, Food, Clothing, etc.the list goes on and on. The comforts we enjoy here like Coca-Cola, Pepsi, McDonald’s, Burger King, Macy’s, Nordstrom’s etc. These companies are not there yet. Maybe on a Starship Cruise Line you might find them someday. We hope anyway.

We are working on an idea that will help us learn how to deal with the confinements of living and working in space. Soon we will be doing a crowdfunding campaign to help with this endeavor, so please stay tuned.

The Center for Starship R & D is looking for you as an individual to present your ideas and dreams to build the first starship.

We want to hear from every person on the planet. If your ideas are put to use you will be rewarded handsomely. Think of this: We build super computers by connecting many nodes or individual computers to make one. That is what we want to do at The Center connect millions of people and their ideas together to make one teeny tiny starship. In comparison with the Universe that is.

So do not think your idea is silly or stupid or that you are not intelligent enough to help build a starship. We need you and your friends, and your friends, friends to connect and give us more than what we have today.

Some of the most brilliant minds in the world are still not recognized and still live in obscurity. Now is everyone’s chance to shine.

When you discover our website please pass it on to your friends.

Most of us at this present time can not or will not get to travel to space. We are about to change that. The Center for Starship R & D, Inc. will bring space to us in the Starship Simulation Project (SSP).

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