Let me first begin by answering the latter part of the question. Is “c” really the universal speed limit? Yes it is as Albert Einstein proved. But, let me expound on that statement, it is the universal speed limit for the speed of light. It is not however the ultimate speed limit of the universe. As with everything in man’s history we believe things that others say are gospel and to be true until one day someone comes along and opens the doors for new ideas and new ways of approaching the unknown. During the days of Columbus the Earth was believed to be flat. If man was meant to fly God would have given us wings. Instead of giving us wings to fly he gave us the same ability he has, “to create”. We are an intelligent life form with a brain that is capable of thousands of calculations per second and the storage capacity of a supercomputer. Most of us only use 6 to 10% of its capabilities. We see anomalies in others and we give it names like Autism, Bipolar disorder, Alzheimer’s, Asperger syndrome, Down’s syndrome these are just a few of the disorders listed in Wikipedia’s list of mental disorders. We do not understand these disorders yet, but it is my belief that they are short circuits in the brain that allow or disallow certain functions and activities in specific areas to be enhanced or blocked. It is up to us in the scientific communities to let our imaginations run wild and explore these phenomena for a better understanding of how to increase our own capacities from that meager 6 to 10% to 100%.
Now back to the subject at hand. Because we can’t see where something ends or begins does not mean it does not exist. Our very existence depends a lot on our ability and imagination to explore the unknown. I am constantly reminded how small I am everytime I think about the size of the universe we can see. I think of myself like the smallest atomic structure that we have seen under a microscope and compare that to the universe. Imagine what an atom must feel like when it is compared to the vastness of the universe.
I am constantly reminded of humanities inability to think outside the visible universe that we live in. Our inability to get past thoughts of…. that is impossible…. to that is possible. The universe itself is giving us clues how to get off our planet and explore the universe that lies before us. We must open our eyes and our minds and look at what is available to us and in front of us. The Earth is not flat and man was meant to fly, “c” is not the ultimate speed limit of the universe… it is for light, but it is not for the things we have yet to discover. Why are we constantly limiting ourselves? Why do we say that our periodic table is all of the elements known to man. The elements known to man seems to say that there cannot be any other elements, but leaves the door open to, just in case. The current periodic table lists 118 elements, some of these are man made and some 92 are found naturally occurring in our surroundings. I believe that once we really begin exploring space we will find many new elements and things that we can not imagine might exist. The universe that we live in is so huge and so grand that we can not and should not speculate that anything is ultimate or finite.
Columbus proved that the Earth was not flat, the Wright Brothers proved we could fly, Chuck Yeager officially broke the sound barrier on October 14, 1947, Yuri Gagarin became the first human in space on April 12, 1961, making a 108-minute orbital flight in his Vostok 1 spacecraft, one month later Mercury Astronaut Alan Shepard became the first American in space. My point is this… man is not limited by anything except his own mind. Here is an example: “My dad always told me I was a dummy and I believed him because he was an authority figure in my life. He never wanted me or anyone else to prove him wrong. It wasn’t until I got to middle school and math classes (Algebra, Geometry, and Pre-Calculus) that I realized I was not a dummy, I made straight “A’s”.” I sometimes think I suffer from A.D.D. Attention deficit disorder. What is that? In my mind it is simply that my brain is functioning faster than what you or anyone else can keep it occupied for I am constantly thinking about a million things at once or so it seems.. In other words stop boring me with trivial bullshit and get to the heart of the matter. The children and adults with A.D.D. are operating at such a fast paced mental momentum that it is hard to focus on any one subject for any length of time. Unless you can keep them occupied with something that forces them to focus they will always seem to lack an extensive attention span. Think of an Atomic Bomb explosion it goes in all directions at once, but if you contain it like in a rocket and its energy is forced through a nozzle it becomes a very fast and powerful rocket engine capable of high speeds in space.
The speed of light may very well be the speed limit for light but I do not see how it can be the ultimate speed limit. Tachyon’s are probably the fastest thing in the universe but are not the ultimate fastest thing. We do not know because we have not discovered a way to measure anything traveling faster than the speed of light. Until recently we thought that Higgs Boson particle was just theory and just this year we discovered that particles can travel faster than the speed of light. I am just speculating here but when two items collide at a given speed any item that is able to break free from either of the two should have a velocity equal to the velocity at impact squared. But in most cases the shard that is expelled will have a greater velocity than at impact due to the energy that is transferred from the two objects to the shard being expelled. The discovery that, when two particles collide at the speed of light a shard or particle could be expelled at speeds greater than the speed of light only reinforced my thoughts along those lines. It is my theory that we have yet to discover what exceeds the speed of light, but we will discover things that go faster than “c”.
I am in agreement with what has been theorized so far about tachyon’s and braydon’s. I have copied this article from my favorite encyclopedia Wikipedia.
Because we can’t see something doesn’t mean that it does not or can not exist.
Because a tachyon would always move faster than light, we would not be able to see it approaching. After a tachyon has passed nearby, we would be able to see two images of it, appearing and departing in opposite directions. The black line is the shock wave of Cherenkov radiation, shown only in one moment of time. This double image effect is most prominent for an observer located directly in the path of a superluminal object (in this example a sphere, shown in grey). The right hand bluish shape is the image formed by the blue-doppler shifted light arriving at the observer—who is located at the apex of the black Cherenkov lines—from the sphere as it approaches. The left-hand reddish image is formed from red-shifted light that leaves the sphere after it passes the observer. Because the object arrives before the light, the observer sees nothing until the sphere starts to pass the observer, after which the image-as-seen-by-the-observer splits into two—one of the arriving sphere (to the right) and one of the departing sphere (to the left).
A tachyon /ˈtæki.ɒn/ or tachyonic particle is a hypothetical particle that always moves faster than light. The word comes from the Greek:ταχύς or tachys, meaning “swift, quick, fast, rapid”, and was coined by Gerald Feinberg. Most physicists think that faster-than-light particles cannot exist because they are not consistent with the known laws of physics. If such particles did exist, they could be used to build a tachyonic antitelephone and send signals faster than light, which (according to special relativity) would lead to violations ofcausality. Potentially consistent theories that allow faster-than-light particles include those that break Lorentz invariance, the symmetry underlying special relativity, so that the speed of light is not a barrier.
In the 1967 paper that coined the term, Feinberg proposed that tachyonic particles could be quanta of a quantum field with negative squared mass. However, it was soon realized that excitations of such imaginary mass fields do not in fact propagate faster than light, and instead represent an instability known as tachyon condensation. Nevertheless, negative squared mass fields are commonly referred to as “tachyons”, and in fact have come to play an important role in modern physics.
Despite theoretical arguments against the existence of faster-than-light particles, experiments have been conducted to search for them. No compelling evidence for their existence has been found. I must add this 3 letter word YET!
The universe is not our Final Frontier it is actually the beginning of a New Frontier.
I am constantly observing how things work in our known universe and wondering how we might apply the same things to our existence in space and in space travel. We all know that the sun gives off enormous of energy, How do we duplicate and harness that energy? The Earth has a molten core so how so we duplicate that and create artificial gravity, artificial atmosphere, and oxygen? How do we duplicate the energy that the Earth produces to generate electricity? After all the Earth is one giant electric generating power plant. How do we duplicate and harness the power of lightning? Nikola Tesla already did that right?
The Earth is made up of a molten core that we assume is iron to produce a magnetic field. This magnetic field produces a small electric current yes or no?
I will leave you with that thought for today.